Conjuctions (समुच्चयबोधक)


In Hindi, Conjuction is called Sammuchyabodhak ("समुच्चयबोधक”) Sammuchyabodhak is the combination of two words Sammuchya (समुच्चय)+bodhak (बोधक). The sammuchya (समुच्चय) is the combination and bodhak (बोधक) is the indicator. Conjuction is the word that joins two words or two sentences.
(समुच्चयबोधक वो शब्द है जो दो शब्दों या दो वाक्यों को जोङता हैं, उसे समुच्चयबोधक कहते हैं।)

Such as: Aur (और) , Tatha (तथा), Lekin (लेकिन), आदि

For Example:

श्रुति और नेहा पढ रही है। (Shruti and Neha pad rhi hai).

मुझे टेपरिकार्डर या घड़ी चाहिए। (Mujhe taperecorder ya ghadi Chahiye).

Conjuction is divided into Three types (समुच्चयबोधक तीन प्रकार में विभाजित है):
1) संयोजक (Sanyojak – Connective)
2) विभाजक (Vibhajak – Separative)
3) विकल्पसूचक (Vikalp Suchak – Alternative Indicator)



1) Connective (संयोजक - Sanyojak)

The conjuctive words which joins two or more form of a sentences is called Connective.
Connective words like Aur (और) , Tatha (तथा).

For Example:
राम और मोहन दोनो मित्र है। (Ram aur Mohan dono mitra hai) - Ram and Mohan both are friends.
सेब तथा नारंगी फल है। (Sev aur Narangi Fal hai) - Apple and Orange fruits.

2) Seperative (विभाजक - Vibhajak)

These conjuctive words divide a sentence into two or more parts, is called Vibhajak.
The conjuctive words are: Taaki (Sothat- ताकि), Parantu (but- परन्तु) .

For Example:
करो या मरो - Do or die
परिश्रम से पढ़ाई करो ताकि परीक्षा में सफल हो सको - Work hard in studies so that you can pass the exam.
तुम सुबह से में कार्यालय हो परन्तु तुमने कुछ काम नहीं किया - You have been in office since morning but you didn’t do anything.

3) Alternative Indicator ( विकल्पसूचक - Vikalp Suchak)

These Conjunctive words indicate the options in a sentence.
The conjuctive words are: Ya (या), Athwa (अथवा), Anyatha (अन्यथा).

For Example:

तुम काम कर सकते हो या पढ़ाई - You can do work or study.
रोहन अथवा मोहन इधर आओ - Rohan or Mohan come here.
तुम परिश्रम करो अन्यथा असफल हो जाओगे - Work hard otherwise you will fail.





Latest Release


How to write a Letter to the Principal (प्रधानाचार्य को पत्र कैसे लिखें)

Write a letter to principal for one week leave: एक सप्ताह के ल...

Official Letter Writing in Hindi (हिन्दी मे आधिकारिक पत्र लेखन)

Hindi beginners are required to write some official letter or non-official letter in Hindi...

Identification of Grammatical Gender (व्याकरणिक लिंग की पहचान)

Common Mistakes with Grammatical Gender:When the new learner starts learning Hindi they ge...

Hindi Story Writing (कहानी लेखन)

In Hindi, story writing is called as Kahani Lekhan. Story writing is based on imagination ...

Common Verbs (सामान्य क्रियायें)

On my quest to learn more than 600 most common words in Hindi, there are numbers of words ...