Hindi - Matras (मात्रा) & Words

Hindi matras are also known as vowel signs. Every Hindi vowel has its own different signs. 

Definition of Hindi Matra: Consonents (व्यंजन) ke bad vowels(स्वरों) ke badle hue swarup (nature) ko matra kahte hai.

Hindi vowels are following:

स्वर (Vowel)


व्यंजन + मात्रा = अक्षर

(consonents +Sign = letter)

For अ there is no matra

क = क (ka)

क + ा = का (kaa)


क + ि = कि (ki)

क + ी = की (kii)

क + ु = कु (ku)

क + ू = कू (kuu)

क + ृ = कृ (kri)

क + े = के (ke)

क + ै = कै (kae)

क + ो = को (ko)

क + ौ = कौ (kao)


क + ं = कं (kan)


क + ः = कः (kah)

Note: अ ki koi sign nhi hoti use sbhi hindi alphabets me add hoti hai:

Words Using Matras

For Example:

क् + अ = क

We can relate all matras with words for better pronunciation:


अ × कम (kam)

आ = ा x  काम (kaam)

इ =  ि  x किसलय (kisliye)

ई = ी x खीर (kheer)

उ = ु x गुलाब (gulab)

ऊ  =  ू x  भूल  (bhool)

ऋ = ृ x  तृण (trin)

ए = े x  केश (kesh)

ऐ =  ै x  है (hai)

ओ = ो  x  चोर (chor)

औ  = ौ  x चौखट (chaukhat)

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